Computer coders have to answer one question when they begin a project: What is the focus, whereupon they can start a digital activity. Our minds usually have no focus, until we are told or shown how to have a focus. For spiritual seekers, this is an interior focus, single pointed, single-minded, far from the external world. Read young Rama’s questions (and some hints from Lord Krishna).
chitta: individual consciousness
jiva: individual soul embodied as a person. Soul with a body.
sattva Hin. m. sattva San. n. sattvoguna (sattva+guna) San. m. one of the three constituents (guna) of nature (prakriti) – the quality of light, the illuminating aspect that reveals all manifestation. It is expressed as harmony, equilibrium, purity, goodness, virtue, honesty, nobility, forgiveness, compassion, charity, wisdom, happiness.
sattvic Hin. sattvika San. adj. endowed with the quality of sattva – pure, good, virtuous, serene and contented.
rajas, rajoguna San. m. the activating quality (guna) of nature that allows the other two constituents to manifest themselves, and therefore this quality is associated with the creator, Brahma. It covers desire and ambition, attachment, passion, righteous indignation, pride, anger and envy.
tamas, tamoguna Hin., San. m. the quality of darkness, gloom and inertia – sleep, passivity, idleness, dullness, stubbornness, confusion, delusion, lack of discrimination, the inability to distinguish between right and wrong or falsehood and truth, having little interest or ambition; lust, fear, greed. Tamas is born of ignorance, yet darkness is not necessarily ignorance – it may yet be the darkness that exposes the light.
Question 127: Sir, you said that all joys and sorrows exist in the mind, and one becomes free from all these when the mind is annihilated. Kindly explain how the ideation in the mind is stopped?
Answer: Ramji, now listen intently about the methodology for the annihilation of the mind. With its practice, you will be able to control your mind. All jivas are the creations of the mind and these creations are of three kinds : (i) sattvic (ii) rajsic and (iii) tamsic.
When the primeval ideation arising in the pure consciousness is extrovert, it is called mind – also called Brahman. As is the ideation of Brahman (the primeval ideation), so are the objects manifested. When the ideation of Brahman is directed inwards, the universe created by the extrovert ideation is dissolved. Thus Brahman creates and dissolves many creations. Ramji, direct your ideation inwards or towards pure Atma, and you will attain to the pure state. This way the seven states (bhoomikas) of knowledge, like those of the moon, will be gradually illumined in your consciousness.
2:42-43. “There are people, ignorant of this principle, who take delight in their own particular dogma, proclaiming there is nothing else. Their idea of ‘heaven’ is their own enjoyment. The main reason they do their activities is to achieve the pleasures and power that ‘heaven’ promises. Thus, even though their motive is common and positive, they are in truth filled with rather selfish desires.
2:44. “With their minds thus taken up by their own selfish desires for everlasting pleasure and power, they are not able to develop the utter concentration needed to reach union with God, which is mankind’s only real objective. (Bhagavad Gita, Ch 2)
Answer: Ramji, Atma is like a tree and one’s purushartha is like the spring season. Two types of plants — good and evil — grow with the water of purushartha. Now listen to what knowledge and ignorance are. To stay in pure consciousness after abandoning the ideation of the world, is knowledge. When a jiva is distracted from the Self, on his association with ego which arises in the pure and non-dual consciousness, then that state is one of ignorance.
5:16. “As the darkness of night vanishes when the sun rises, so too the darkness of ignorance and delusion is dispelled when you gain knowledge of your True Self.
5:17. “Jnana-yogis, persons of wisdom (whom I previously referred to as Sthithaprajnas, Illumined Ones), cast out this ignorance of mind and thus erase past impurities. They ever fix their purified minds on Divinity and stay completely absorbed in the Divine, their one and only goal. In this way they merge into God and are freed from the birth-death cycle, never to be born again. (Bhagavad Gita Ch 5)
Om Hamsaaya Vidmahe
Tanno Hamsa Prachodayat
“May we realise Hamsa that is our own Self as the Swan. Let us meditate on that Paramahamsa, the Supreme Self. May Hamsa illumine us.”